German socialists saw nudism as a weapon of class struggle. George Hull investigates how nudist movements grew out of the crowded, dirty cities of the late 19th century before being co-opted by the Nazis in their quest for racial purity. In Germany there is at least one: stumbling upon naked people in the most unlikely places. For one thing, far and away the most successful organised nudist movement in German history stemmed from the progressive left. For another, one of the first things the Nazis did upon being elected into office was to ban nudism. The colourful history of nudism in Germany encompasses the best and worst aspects of this complex nation. The final quarter of the 19th century was for Germany a time of swift industrialisation and mass internal migration.
Thank you for registering to HistoryExtra
I nformation on sexual violence during the Holocaust is not well known, as much of the discoveries were made fairly recently. In fact, it is still a controversial topic; some believe that the topic distracts people from the significance of the Holocaust. Others think that there must be reasons why the survivors did not speak out and insist that the topic not be pushed. The rape of Jewish girls and women took place beginning in the s. Sexual abuse was prevalent even outside the camps. Soldiers went to Jewish homes to rape young girls in front of their parents and wives in front of their husbands.
Sexual Violence during the Holocaust
The Marine Corps Times , an independent newspaper focusing on issues involving the service, published an internal Marine Corps communications document with talking points about the issue, describing the social media network as a closed Facebook group with about 30, members. The network solicited nude photos of female service members, some of whom had their name, rank and duty station listed, the newspaper reported. A Marine Corps spokesman told the newspaper that military officials are uncertain how many military personnel could be involved. Smith also called for proper care to be provided to the victims, and said that, "This behaviour by Marines and former Marines is degrading, dangerous, and completely unacceptable. The site talked of misogynist behaviour, the Marine Corps document said, and the photos were on a secure drive in cloud storage, which has been removed.
As German soldiers got comfortable in their new surroundings, they started looking for women. The photographs show scantily clad women cavorting and partying with Nazi officers, half-naked females posing in German SS uniforms and young girls leaping into the arms of their Nazi lovers. Other images show women drinking, cuddling, flirting and even swapping clothes with their Nazi beaus during wartime occupation. Although the identities of the pictured women are unknown — many of these photographs are thought to have been found amongst the effects of German prisoners after the end of the war. With huge numbers of local men either dead, hiding or imprisoned, some women used sex as a means of survival in German-occupied France.